The chain of events that led to the creation of Tangub as a city started in 1929, some sixty-four years ago, when it became a municipality by virtue of an executive order by American Governor-General Dwight Davis. In this process, Tangub was separated from its mother municipality of Misamis, now Ozamiz City. The new municipality of Tangub then included all the barrios of the present municipality of Bonifacio, formerly known as Digson. Bonifacio became a municipality, shortly before the outbreak of the Second World War with Hon. Demetrio Fernan as municipal mayor.
Tangub City is flanked by the municipality of Bonifacio in the south and Ozamiz City in the north. It is in the southern part of Misamis Occidental. From the mountain barangays of Owayan, San Antonio, Salimpuno, Kimat or Hohohoy, one can see the splendor of Tangub City’s entire landscape stretching into the Panguil Bay – an alluring sight that can he a balm to a distraught and depressed heart.
The records at the National Census and Statistics Office in Ozamiz City shows that Tangub City has a total land area of 141.54 square kilometers. It is composed of 55 barangays. It’s agricultural with coconut accounting for about 62% of the total land area Coconut, corn, and rice farming are the main occupation of the people; majority of those who are residing along the coastal areas are engaged in fishing.
To understand the present about Tangub City, the modern-day Tangubanons, the youth precisely, must make a backward glance at the past. It will help them move foreword to realize the goals of the National leadership for Philippines 2000.
The name Tangub was derived from the Subano word “Tangkob” which means a big bamboo basket for storing rice. The ethnic Subanos or Suban-ons, the first inhabitants of Tangub who dwelt near the rivers subsisted on crops planted on burnt forest clearings known as ‘kaingin”. The Subano “datus” at that time include Laras Angcap of Upper Caniangan and the neighboring barrios near the Malindang Mountain, Ala Tagdulang of Lower Caniangan and the adjacent barrios; Baluran Subano of Silangit and the neighboring barrios, and Sandal Empil of Bintana and the neighboring barrios. Like Laras Angcap, Sandal Empil of Bintana had several wives. His wives were Dayano, Boriring, Magamay, Charing and Erea. Mr. Andres Angcap, presently a “Timoay” leader and public Elementary Schools Head Teacher and his sister, Mrs. Virginia Angcap Maghuyop, Public Elementary Grades teacher of Sinacaban, Misamis Occidental, are grandchildren of the late Laras Angcap. Mrs. Francisca Sardual Compayan, also a Public Elementary Grades Teacher, is a granddaughter of Baluran Subano.
When the team of Spaniards exploring the vicinity of a “kaingin” site asked a Subano about the name of the place, he answered “tangkob” thinking they were asking him about the name of the big bamboo rice basket he was making. Because of the wide communication gap, the Spaniards misinterpreted the Subano and since then they began to call the place Tangob, omitting the letter “K”. However, Christian settlers gradually changed the letter “O” to “u”, with the passage of years “Tangob” at last became “Tangub”.
Nourished by speculations of an abundant and comfortable life ahead, Christian settlers from the island provinces of Cebu, Negros, Bohol, Siquijor, and other parts of the Visayas rushed to the new frontier that was Tangub. Tangub was the land of promise; it became the symbol of hope for the hard pressed who longed for a meaningful release from the curbs of everyday life.
Yes Virginia..the tartanilla still exist in Tangub
Trade and Commerce steadily boomed in Tangub with the steady influx of hopeful migrants. Corn, rice, abaca and other crops were abundant, and the Subanos, or suban-ons bartered their land for goods brought in by the Christian settlers. Twenty-four hectares of forestland or “anot” at that time could be bartered with the Subanos for a wooden plow or a bolo or for a dozen cans of salmon or sardines. Shortly, after the arrival of Christian settlers, scores of Chinese merchants came and blended with the farmer-settlers in the free climate of the village with their skills and energy especially in the area of trade and commerce. They helped to hasten the transformation of the early settlements into civilized communities.
Tangub City’s most prosperous period, according to Mr. Teofilo Pereyra, “nyor Pilong” (deceased) of barrio Polao (now Barangay 7 was the period from 1898 to 1910. The Christian settlers at that time had continuously enjoyed bountiful harvest of corn, rice, and abacca. A kilo of pork at that time cost only twenty-five centavos (Php 0.25); a cavan (twenty-five gantas of corn cost only one peso (Php 1.00), sometimes eighty centavos (Php 0.80), sometimes less. A very good racehorse can be bought for at about twenty-five pesos (Php 25.00), sometimes even less. A pail (medium size) of assorted good fish (til-ogon) cost only five centavos (Php 0.05). The prices of clothing materials (dry goods) and other essential commodities were very, very cheap.
Timoteo Engracia was appointed first “presidente” (now called “Mayor”) of the municipality of Tangub. Being history conscious, he believed that the name Tangub was meaningless and failed to convey a historical value. So in agreement with the equally history conscious members of the appointed “consejo municipal” now Sangguniang Bayan, it was decided to rename Tangub to “Regidor” in memory of Dr. Antonio Ma. Regidor, a reformer. Nevertheless, the predominantly Cebuano-Visaya speaking inhabitants, who had learned to love the name “Tangub” demonstrated against the idea of changing the town’s name. Perhaps by force of superstition, or some other reasons, they attributed the occasional killings in the town, which were actually caused by unsettled boundary disputes, to the new name that was given to the town. So with the help of the late Senator Hon. Jose A. Clarin, the name Tangub was restores to the municipality. Among the early Christian settlers of Tangub were such sturdy pioneers as the Balatero and Magriño families.
Through the efforts of Honorable Congressman William Chiongbian, Tangub became a chartered city on June 17, 1967 under Republic Act No.5136. However, by an act of the City Council under the Administration of the late City Mayor, Honorable Alfonso D. Tan, Tangub City’s Charter Anniversary is celebrated on February 28.
It was to the credit of the late City Mayor Hon. Alfonso D. Tan that Tangub City became the proud recipient of the following commendations:
1. Best Organized Police Force in Mindanao in 1967;
2. Proclaimed as the “Cleanest City in the Philippines” in 1968;
3. Proclaimed as the “Best In Urban Planning” in 1968; and
4. Awarded the National First Prize for cleanest and good Performance to the Doña Maria D. Tan Memorial Hospital in 1977.